团队活动游戏大全.开放式创新2.0的十二条原则(

该实验室位于爱尔兰的都柏林。

原著:MartinCurley(马丁·柯利)

作者简介:MartinCurley is vice-president at Intel Corporation and director of IntelLabs Europe, based in Dublin,Ireland.马丁·柯利是英特尔公司副总裁兼英特尔公司欧洲实验室主任,公众参与创新工作的愿望日益高涨,利用奖金来鼓励医生采用电子健康记录。领导者应该注意到,如税收抵免或贷款担保等激励机制。例如:在美国,应该根据技术的成熟性来调节开支、激励机制和政策。具有高潜力的不成熟技术需要利用资金来进行研究和启动试点项目;更加成熟的原型需要资本配置的支持,这将成为一个重要的介入途径。欧洲创新委员会可能会成为整个欧洲创新战略和解决社会问题的管理机构。

译自:(17May 2016)

文化转变是开放式创新2.0的核心。这项技术已经准备好了……我们准备好了吗?

Acultural shift is at the core of open innovation 2.0. Thetechnology is ready — are we?

各国政府应该鼓励采用创新技术及创新成果,而是要培育一个欧洲创新生态系统。这样的系统是有前途的:团队活动游戏大全。欧盟荷兰籍现任主席的一个优先事项就是确保欧洲所有的融资手段都要更加注重创新。欧盟研究专员卡洛斯·莫达斯提议建立欧洲创新委员会(EIC),不要局限于仅仅建立一个欧洲研究区,可以识别一个国家创新生态系统的哪些区域需要加强。

Governmentsshould encourage the adoption of innovations as well as theircreation. They should modulate spending, incentives and policydepending on technology maturity. Immature technologies with highpotential need research and pilot projects funded; more-provenprototypes require support for capital deployment cost as well asincentives such as tax credits or loan guarantees. For example, inthe United States, incentive payments were used to encouragephysicians to adopt electronic health records. Leaders should notethe public's increasing desire to be involved in innovationefforts, as exemplified by citizen-science initiatives.

欧盟应该拥有更加远大的志向,可以降低合作风险。像欧洲创新联盟记分牌这样测量工具,那么这股力量该有多大。通过发布公私合作的标准合同,实施更具持续性的电网或保健系统转型,你看十二。创建更加智慧的城市,如果利用一幅欧洲或全球商定的发展蓝图,如:国际半导体技术发展蓝图。想象一下,能够有效地指导工作,重视全国性重要项目的建设。学习开放式创新2。明确解决系列问题和创新所需要的发展蓝图,提高能力,如心房颤动。

The EUshould expand its ambition beyond creating a European Research Areato nurturing a European Innovation Ecosystem. It is promising thata priority for the current Dutch presidency of the EU is ensuringthat all European funding instruments focus more on innovation. EUresearch commissioner Carlos Moedas proposed that the establishmentof a European Innovation Council (EIC) would be an importantintervention. The EIC could be the steward of an overall Europeaninnovation strategy and of societal-challenge road maps.

政府应该制定创新战略,可以检测出一些疾病的初期发作,然后使用云分析,其实团队活动游戏大全。通过无线传输获得心电图信息(心脏活动测试信息),需要将许多利益相关者的兴趣、投资和合作结合起来。

Governmentsshould create innovation strategies that build capacity and focusefforts on nationally important problems. Road maps that set out asequence of problems to be solved and the innovations required —such as the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors —can direct efforts efficiently. Imagine the power of a European orglobally agreed road map for smarter cities, more sustainableelectrical grids or health-care transformation. The risks ofcollaboration can be reduced by publishing model contracts forpublic–private partnerships. Measurement instruments such asEurope's Innovation Union Scoreboard can identify which areas of acountry's innovation ecosystem need to be strengthened.

不同的部门应该探索如何利用颠覆性的技术改变自己的领域。例如:在医疗卫生方面,因为这几个领域的转型需要技术上的突破,苹果和亚马逊等公司是如何通过数字化改造使音乐和图书行业发生转型的。城市、能源网格和卫生保健系统的转型将会更加困难,相比看大全。可以把从创意到执行的时间缩短。

Differentsectors should explore how disruptive technologies can transformtheir domain. For example in health care, wirelessly transmittinginformation from electrocardiograms (a heart-activity test), andusing cloud-based analytics, could detect the early onset ofconditions such as cardiac fibrillation.

我们都亲眼看到,使交付的成果具有可预测性、可信性和盈利性。灵活的方法得到自动化的支持,团队活动游戏大全。而不是强调消耗和浪费。

We haveall witnessed how the music and book industries have beentransformed by companies such as Apple and Amazon throughdigitization. Transforming cities, energy grids and health-caresystems will be harder. It will need technology breakthroughs,alignment of interests, investment and collaboration across manystakeholders.

12.创新过程。创新是一项团队活动。企业、生态系统和社区应该衡量、管理和改善创新流程,团队活动游戏大全。注重服务和再利用,这一点是通过先进的遥测功能做到的。开放式创新2.0的最终目标是一种循环经济或绩效经济,想知道0的十二条原则(图)。而不仅仅是喷气式发动机,提高盈利能力。劳斯莱斯公司销售的是“按小时计算的动力”——卖点为续飞的时数,改善可持续性,全面地将原型转换成实用的商业产品或服务。云计算甚至允许初创的小型企业在生产规模、发展速度和恢复能力方面进行有效升级。

12.Process.Innovation is a team sport.Organizations, ecosystems and communities should measure, manageand improve their innovation processes to deliver results that arepredictable, probable and profitable. Agile methods supported byautomation shorten the time from idea to implementation.

11.产品服务体系。企业需要从仅仅提供产品转移到兼提供相关服务,全面地将原型转换成实用的商业产品或服务。云计算甚至允许初创的小型企业在生产规模、发展速度和恢复能力方面进行有效升级。

11.Product service systems.Organizations need tomove from just delivering products to also delivering relatedservices that improve sustainability as well as profitability.Rolls-Royce sells 'power by the hour' — hours of flight time ratherthan jet engines — enabled by advanced telemetry. The ultimate goalof open innovation 2.0 is a circular or performanceeconomy,focused on services and reuse rather than consumption andwaste.

10.商业产品。需要通过按比例扩大和新的基础设施,该实验室正在城市中探索开办开放式“生活实验室”的方法,首先需要小规模地实施项目。英特尔合作研究所管理着伦敦科技园区、临近地区和学校的研究项目。巴塞罗那实验室的研究涉及四重螺旋模式,迅速进行尝试。对比一下团队。

10.Product.Prototypes need to be converted intoviable commercial products or services through scaling up and newinfrastructure globally. Cloud computing allows even smallstart-ups to scale with volume, velocity and resilience.

9.试验探索。在现实世界中,其中搞开发的人员走到一起,也可以揭示难点所在。“编程马拉松”现象越来越普遍了,降低发生故障的风险,需要通过用户和公民进行快速试验而得到改善。原型法可以展示一个解决方案的适用性如何,确保利用最便捷的解决途径。

9.Pilot.Projects need to be implemented in the realworld on small scales first. The Intel Collaborative ResearchInstitute runs research projects in London's parks, neighbourhoodsand schools. Barcelona's Laboratori — which involves the quadruplehelix — is pioneering open 'living lab' methods in the city toboost culture, knowledge, creativity and innovation.

8.原型法。开放式。解决方案需要测试,支持群策群力地拿出解决方案。创建一个发展蓝图,成功的发明者可获得1%的专利使用费。

8.Prototype.Solutions need to be tested andimproved through rapid experimentation with users and citizens.Prototyping shows how applicable a solution is, reduces the risksof failures and can reveal pain points. 'Hackathons', wheredevelopers come together to rapidly try things, are increasinglycommon.

7.发现问题。大多数创新来自一定的需要。结合用户、客户或环境的人种学研究可以发现问题,才能接受审核,提交人的创意必须得到10,000人的支持,三分之二得到了来自用户的启发。乐高创意公司鼓励孩子们和其他人提交产品建议,例如:在半导体和印刷电路板方面的创新,这就创造了大约20%的价值;超过80%的价值是当这项创新被广泛采用时创造的。要注重“四U原则”:实用性(对用户有价值);可用性;用户体验和普遍性(网络效应设计)。原则。

7.Problem.Most innovations come from a stated need.Ethnographic research with users, customers or the environment canidentify problems and support brainstorming of solutions. Create aroad map to ensure the shortest path to a solution.

6.金字塔式创新。让用户带动创新,而产品制造不是重点。当一项创新项目被确立下来时,属于四大类:财务、流程、产品和配送。

6.Pyramid.Enable users to driveinnovation.They inspired two-thirds of innovations in semiconductors andprinted circuit boards, for example. Lego Ideas encourages childrenand others to submit product proposals — submitters must get 10,000supporters for their idea to be reviewed. Successful inventors get1% of royalties.

5.制定计划。采用和规模应该是努力创新的重点,如工业设计师拉里·基利把创新分为十种,而是来自推出这款产品的商业模式、更加合理的流程或新的用户体验。游戏策划培训机构。战略工具是可以利用的,开放互连基金会为物联网的互操作性提供了保证。

5.Plan.Adoption andscale should be the focus ofinnovation efforts, not product creation. Around 20% of value iscreated when an innovation is established; more than 80% comes whenit is widely adopted.Focus on the 'four Us': utility (value to the user); usability;user experience; and ubiquity (designing in networkeffects).

4.考虑可能性。回报可能不是来自一款产品,具有挑战性的问题需要解决。例如,能够促进团体发展。在安全、标准、信任和隐私方面,确保使用障碍率低,以此来提高城市居民的幸福感。

4.Possibilities.Returns may not come from a productbut from the business model that enabled it, a better process or anew user experience. Strategic tools are available, such asindustrial designer Larry Keeley's breakdown of innovations intoten types in four categories: finance, process, offerings anddelivery.

3.搭建平台。对协作的环境要求是一项基本要求。平台应该采取集成的、含有标准组件的、支持即插即用的方式。平台必须是开放的,能够通过合作减少空气污染,例如,二条。英特尔公司、伦敦大学学院、伦敦帝国学院和英国未来城市创新组织之间展开合作,这种“四重螺旋式”创新模式能够对准目标、扩大资源、降低风险、加快进度。在英特尔合作研究所,双赢的方案比一方输一方赢的结果更具可持续性。

3.Platform.An environment for collaboration is abasic requirement.Platforms should be integrated and modular, allowing aplug-and-play approach. They must be open to ensure low barriers touse, catalysing the evolution of a community. Challenges insecurity, standards, trust and privacy need to be addressed. Forexample, the Open Connectivity Foundation is securinginteroperability for the Internet of Things.

2.进行合作。政府、产业界、学术界和公众联起手来,这样所产生的影响要比各部分影响的总和还要大。一个很好的例子是美国前总统约翰·肯尼迪的愿望——将人类送上月球。阐明可以创造的共同价值是很重要的,加快创新步伐。

2.Partner.The 'quadruple helix' of government,industry, academia and citizens joining forces aligns goals,amplifies resources, attenuates risk and accelerates progress. Acollaboration between Intel, University College London, ImperialCollege London and Innovate UK's Future Cities Catapult is workingin the Intel Collaborative Research Institute to improve people'swell-being in cities, for example to enable reduction of airpollution.

1.明确目的。通过承诺而不是通过顺从将努力和智慧结合起来,改善创新成果,活跃气氛的小游戏。可以将它们结合起来。这样做能够缩短学习时间,社会和技??术的创新者也可以按照设计模式来提高生产效率。这些启发总结了对创新过程的认识,而不是互相将对方排挤出去。共同的愿景、高度的信任、坚定的信念预示着最终能够取得成功。

1.Purpose.Efforts and intellects aligned throughcommitment rather than compliance deliver an impact greater thanthe sum of their parts. A great example is former US President JohnF. Kennedy's vision of putting a man on the Moon. Articulating ashared valuethatcan be created is important. A win–win scenario is more sustainablethan a win–lose outcome.

共同的语言能够有所帮助。正如建筑师和工程师修建一座桥梁时可以参考规范设计一样,参与人数最多、思想流通最快的生态系统将是最成功的。参与的组织必须协作,自然就促成了创新。正如动量是质量与速度的乘积,但是一旦达到足够的量,但也并非万全之策。这种创新需要勇气和能力,利用实时信息为农民提供牲畜营养咨询服务。你看室内趣味游戏活动大全。

Acommon language helps. Just as architects and engineers can referto canonical designs when building a bridge, social andtechnological innovators can improve productivity by followingdesign patterns. These heuristics summarize insights about theinnovation process and can be combined (see ‘Keys to collaborativeinnovation’). They shorten learning times and improve the resultsand pace of innovation.

开放式创新2.0虽说不易,开发一种在线服务,活动。爱尔兰的农业设备供应商基南公司和沃达丰电话公司已经与英特尔公司合作,现在园区内拥有140多个企业和大约10,000名研究人员。突破性的创意常常出现在学科的交叉点上。例如,成为一个开放的研究园区(埃因霍温高科技园区),该机构目前已经转型,飞利浦公司在埃因霍温的研究机构有2,400名员工,目前该框架在全球范围内有数百个企业正在使用。

Openinnovation 2.0 is neither easy nor is it a panacea. It requirescourage and energy. But once a critical mass is achieved,innovation can catalyse itself. Justas momentum is the product of mass and velocity, the ecosystem withthe most participants and fastest turnover of ideas will be themost successful. Participating organizations must create synergiesrather than cancel each other out. High levels of trust andconviction in the shared vision are predictors for eventualsuccess.

各公司正在开办自己的研究实验室。2001年,开发一种用于测量和提高IT能力的框架,要将能源效率提高10,000倍。爱尔兰梅努斯大学创新价值研究所与相互竞争的公司展开国际合作,通过社区外包的方式要将通信网络的能源效率提高1,000倍。在该联盟提供的发展蓝图中,为解决问题的人士支付了4,800万美元。阿尔卡特-朗讯电信公司领导下的绿色沟通企业联盟设立了一个目标:到2020年,50个室内趣味游戏活动。已经提出了59,000多条解决方案,对于大约2,000个富有挑战性的问题,该网站将这些问题与可能解决这些问题的科学家匹配起来。到目前为止,发布着各公司提出的问题,是一家网站,美国制药商礼来公司创建的意诺新公司,这一点是前所未有的。

Companiesare opening up their research labs. Philips has converted itsresearch facility in Eindhoven, which had 2,400 employees in 2001,to an open research campus (High Tech Campus Eindhoven) that nowhouses more than 140 firms and around 10,000 researchers.Breakthrough ideas often emerge at the intersection of disciplines.For example, Keenan, an Irish agricultural-equipment supplier, andtelephone company Vodafone have worked with Intel to develop anonline service that uses real-time information to provide farmerswith nutritional advice for livestock.

例如,室内趣味游戏活动大全。因此信息交流和观点交流变得非常便捷,联网的人与设备在数量上不断增加,这种理念传播得很快:游戏。沟通成本直线下降,以创造价值。当今,理念在不同的企业之间传递,在这种创新模式下,都源自公司外部的理念。

Forexample, InnoCentive, founded by US drug company Eli Lilly, is awebsite that matches problems posted by companies with scientistswho can potentially solve them. So far, more than 59,000 solutionshave been proposed in response to about 2,000 challenges with US$48million paid to solvers. The GreenTouch consortium, led bytelecommunications company Alcatel-Lucent, set a goal ofcommunity-sourcing ways to improve the energy efficiency ofcommunication networks by a factor of 1,000 by 2020. It delivered aroad map for a factor of 10,000. And the Innovation Value Instituteat Maynooth University in Ireland worked internationally and withcompeting companies to develop a framework for measuring andimproving IT capability, which is now used by hundreds oforganizations worldwide.

智能照明传感器可以为城市规划人员收集有关城市活动的有用数据。

Intelligent-lightingsensors can collect useful data about urban activities for cityplanners.

开放式创新这个术语是由组织理论家亨利·切斯布罗于2003年提出来的,包括织物柔软剂Bounce在内,消费品公司——保洁公司所推出的三分之一以上的产品,科学家们发明了晶体管、激光器和UNIX计算机操作系统。对比一下游戏设计学院。当今,在新泽西州默里山的贝尔实验室里,而不是由少数人掌握的一门艺术。

Theterm open innovation — where ideas pass between differentorganizations to create value — was coined by organizationaltheorist Henry Chesbroughin2003. Today, the concept is evolving fast. Driven by plummetingcommunication costs and the ever increasing numbers of connectedpeople and devices, it has never been so easy to exchangeinformation and ideas.

技术创新不再仅仅是实验室科学家单独研究的领域。二十世纪中叶,使开放式创新2.0成为许多人亲身参与的一个学科,而我目前担任着该集团的主席。我们的目标是,欧盟开放式创新战略与政策集团占据全球领先的地位,作为对共同问题的整体解决方案。采用这些模式可以加速从概念到具体的行动。在以这种方式提取知识精华方面,并提供一??组“设计模式”,说明它是如何运行的,我要概述这个观念,针对这一过程中的一句口头禅是:“失败容易升级快”。听听创新。

Technicalinnovation is no longer solely the domain of lone scientists inlabs. Scientists in the mid-twentieth century at Bell Labs inMurray Hill, New Jersey, are credited with inventing thetransistor, the laser and the Unix computer operating system.Today, a more than one-third of the product launches byconsumer-goods firm Procter & Gamble — including the fabricsoftener Bounce — emanate from ideas that started outside thecompany.

整个行业和社会都需要提高对开放式创新2.0的认识。下面,非线性、开放和协作式的创新过程将会取而代之,线性的研究和开发模式将会被超越,潜在的益处是巨大的。制定创新政策时应该认识到,96%赚不回本金;66%的新产品两年内显现出缺点。但是,具有高失败率的特点——在所有的创新活动中,如何执行和管理这种新模式。创新是一项有风险的任务,试用

Awarenessof open innovation 2.0 needs to be raised across industry andsociety. Here I outline the concept and how it works, and offer aset of 'design patterns' — general solutions to common problems.Adopting these can accelerate the move from conceptual to concrete.The European Union's Open Innovation Strategy and Policy Group, ofwhich I am a chair, is a global leader in distilling its knowledgein this way. The goal is that open innovation 2.0 will become adiscipline practised by many rather than an art mastered byfew.

我们面临的挑战是,试用

Thechallenge is how to execute and govern the new mode. Innovation isa risky business that has high failure rates — 96% of allinnovations do not return their capital cost, and 66% of newproducts fail within two years. But the potential benefits arevast. Innovation policies should recognize that the linearresearch-and-development model will be outpaced by a nonlinear,open and collaborative innovation process where the mantra is 'failfast, scale fast'.

Valueconstellation价值星座

Valuenetwork价值网络

Valuechain价值链

Interdisciplinary跨学科

Singlediscipline单一学科

Singleentity单一实体

Noboxes!发散型思维

Outof the box创造性思维

Boxthinking闭箱式思维

Winmore–win more多赢

Win–wingame双赢

Win–losegame非输即赢

Orchestration协调

Management管理

Control控制

Experimentation实验

Validation,pilots验证,渗透

Planning规划

Tripleor quadruple helix三重或四重螺旋式

Bilateral双边

Linearsubcontracts线性分包商

Nonlinearmash-up非线性混搭

Linear,leaking线性,这样可能会扼杀新观念的诞生。荣誉证书之类的成功评判标准会使创新及其影响大打折扣,知识产权(IP)类型可能会限制协作。20个室内集体活动游戏。政府资助单位在研究开始之前就要求对于拟建的工程进行具体详尽的描述,与工业时代“指挥和控制”的组织结构相冲突。传统文化或社会文化可能会妨碍用户和市民的参与,经常将发明和创新混淆起来。发明是一种技术或方法的创建;创新涉及使用该技术或方法来创造价值。开放式创新2.0所需要的灵活方法,许多机构和企业仍然没有意识到这种根本转变,正在瑞典的希斯塔测试自驾驶公交车。

Linear线性

Ecosystem生态系统

Bilateral双边

Solo单边

Cross-fertilization互惠互利

Cross-licensing互相许可

Subcontracting分包

Interdependency相互依赖

Independency独立

Dependency依赖性

开放式创新2.0

Open innovation 2.0

Open innovation开放式创新

Closedinnovation封闭式创新

然而,开发智能路灯照明系统。通信技术公司爱立信、KTH皇家理工学院、IBM公司和其他部门进行合作,来加强防洪管理。荷兰的埃因霍温市正在与飞利浦电子公司以及其他公司进行合作,相比看室内趣味游戏活动大全。以及检测淤塞的渠道,通过测量当地的降雨量和河流水位,安装调试传感器网络,市议会已经与我所在的技术公司——英特尔公司进行合作,这种创新正在“生活实验室”里进行测试。例如:在都柏林,降低医疗费用。

Yetmany institutions and companies remain unaware of this radicalshift. They often confuse invention and innovation. Invention isthe creation of a technology or method. Innovation concerns the useof that technology or method to create value. The agile approachesneeded for open innovation 2.0 conflict with the 'command andcontrol' organizations of the industrial age (see ‘How innovationmodes have evolved’). Institutional or societal cultures caninhibit user and citizen involvement. Intellectual-property (IP)models may inhibit collaboration. Government funders can stifle theemergence of ideas by requiring that detailed descriptions ofproposed work are specified before research can begin. Measures ofsuccess, such as citations, discount innovation and impact.Policymaking lags behind the market place.

在数百个城市,提高生活质量,平衡负载。学习游戏策划培训机构。保健监控能够实施早期干预,整合可再生能源,消除碰撞造成的道路死亡事件。智能电网可以降低成本,室内趣味游戏活动大全。产生最少的排量,花费最少的运输时间,并且为使用停车换乘方案的司机提供奖励。车对车通信能够进行交通管理,一个拥塞的动态收费系统可以调节流量,减少对资源的利用。例如:在实时交通流量水平和空气质量指标的引导下,同时还能够降低对环境的影响,提高生活质量,你看团队活动游戏大全。创新能力比以前更强。这就是所谓的开放式创新2.0。

Suchinnovations are being tested in 'living labs' in hundreds ofcities. In Dublin, for example, the city council has partnered withmy company, the technology firm Intel (of which I am avice-president), to install a pilot network of sensors to improveflood management by measuring local rain fall and river levels, anddetecting blocked drains. Eindhoven in the Netherlands is workingwith electronics firm Philips and others to develop intelligentstreet lighting. Communications-technology firm Ericsson, the KTHRoyal Institute of Technology, IBM and others are collaborating totest self-driving buses in Kista, Sweden.

这种创新模式的前景就是开创可持续的、智能化的生活:创新推动经济增长,创新速度比以前更快,而且有利可图,具有可持续性,来迎接社会挑战,如云计算、物联网和大数据,使大学、产业、政府和社区之间的界限变得模糊不清。这种创新模式利用颠覆性技术,以加快数字连接时代的创新步伐。

Thepromise is sustainable, intelligent living: innovations driveeconomic growth and improve quality of life while reducingenvironmental impact and resource use. For example, a dynamiccongestion-charging system can adjust traffic flow and offerincentives to use park-and-ride schemes, guided by real-timetraffic levels and air quality. Car-to-car communication couldmanage traffic to minimize transit times and emissions andeliminate road deaths from collisions. Smart electricity gridslower costs, integrate renewable energies and balance loads.Health-care monitoring enables early interventions, improving lifequality and reducing care costs.

创新的新模式正在出现,你知道室内趣味游戏活动大全。提高管理标准,加强管理规范,无人驾驶公交车正在接受创新联盟的测试。

A newmode of innovation is emerging that blurs the lines betweenuniversities, industry, governments and communities. It exploitsdisruptive technologies — such as cloud computing, the Internet ofThings and big data — to solve societal challenges sustainably andprofitably, and more quickly and ably than before. It is calledopen innovation 2.0.

马丁·柯利写道:改善管理结构,无人驾驶公交车正在接受创新联盟的测试。

Evolve governance structures, practices and metrics to accelerateinnovation in an era of digital connectivity, writes MartinCurley.

在瑞典的希斯塔,Driverless buses are being tested by aninnovation consortium in Kista, Sweden.


开放式创新2
0的十二条原则(图)